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Australia

Temporary Skill Shortage Visa (subclass 482)

Features
This visa referred to as the TSS visa and enables employers to address labour shortages by bringing in genuinely skilled workers where they cannot manage to employ an appropriately skilled Australian. It facilitates targeted use of overseas workers to address temporary skill shortages while ensuring that Australian workers get priority. TSS visa holders can work in Australia in their nominated occupation for an approved sponsor under one of the three streams:

the Short-Term stream
the Medium-Term stream
the Labour Agreement stream.

Eligibility
You must have the skills to fill a position nominated by an approved business for an approved occupation.

Length of stay
One to four years – depending on your nominated occupation, the visa stream, and your circumstances.

Please check the link Short Term and Medium Term List Skill Occupation List to find out under which List your occupation falls in.

Short-term stream
This stream is available if your employer wishes to sponsor you (as an overseas skilled worker) on a temporary basis only in occupations listed on the Short-term Skilled Occupation list (STSOL) for a TSS visa – see lists of eligible skilled occupations on STSOL. It can be used to fill positions for a maximum of:

two years or four years if an International Trade Obligation (ITO) applies.

Medium-term stream
This stream is available if your employer wishes to sponsor you (as an overseas skilled worker) for periods of up to four years in occupations listed on the Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL) or the Regional Occupation List (ROL) for a TSS visa see lists of eligible skilled occupations.
Labour agreement stream. This stream is available if your employer wishes to sponsor you (as an overseas worker) and has entered into a labour agreement with the department.

About the visa
The TSS visa is for skilled workers who want to work in Australia temporarily. This visa involves a three-step process:
Step 1: a sponsorship application by the employer
Step 2: a nomination application for a skilled position by the employer
Step 3: a visa application by the proposed employee

The three steps above must be completed in order. You do not, however, have to wait for each application to be approved to move onto the next step.

What you can do
This visa allows you to travel to and from Australia for the duration of your visa and:
if you are the primary visa holder, to work in Australia for an approved sponsor in your nominated occupation
if you are a family member, to work and study in Australia.

Location
You can generally be in or outside Australia when you apply. However, you cannot apply for another Short-term stream in Australia as the primary visa applicant if all of the below apply:
you have held more than one Short-term stream TSS visa
you were in Australia when the application for your most recent TSS visa was made

Additional family members
There is also a fee for additional family members who are coming to Australia with you.

Other costs
You might have to pay other costs, such as the costs of health assessments, police certificates, or any other certificates or tests. You are responsible for making the necessary arrangements.


Skilled Independent Visa (subclass 189) (Points-tested) Stream

Features
This stream is for Points-tested skilled workers who are not sponsored by an employer or family member or nominated by a state or territory government. It allows you to live and work in Australia as a permanent resident.

For the Skilled Independent (Points-tested) stream you need to submit an expression of interest.

If you are a New Zealand citizen you may be eligible to apply for the Skilled Independent visa (subclass 189) (New Zealand) stream.
Eligibility

Eligibility
You must
• have a relevant occupation
• have a suitable skills assessment for the occupation
• meet the points test pass mark of 60 points
• be under 45 years of age at time of invitation
• have Competent English
• be invited by us to apply.

Length of stay: Permanently
Submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) via Skill Select with details of your nominated occupation, skills and qualifications. Skill Select will estimate a point score and rank you against other intending migrants.

If you are ranked high enough and there are places available for your nominated occupation, you will be invited to apply for the visa.

If you are invited, you have 60 calendar days to apply for the visa. We will then process your visa application.

Processing time:
• 75 per cent of applications processed 9 month
• 90 per cent of applications processed 12 months
• Last updated 20 March 2018 (for month ending 28 February 2018)

Occupation
• Your occupation must be on the relevant list of eligible skilled occupations.
• You must have a skill assessment that shows you have the skills and qualifications to work in that occupation.

Points score
• You must be able to meet the points score on your invitation letter. This score will be 60 or more.
• The score on your invitation letter is based on the information in your EOI.
• You must be able to meet the points score eligibility at the time you are invited to apply for the visa.

Click hear how many points you might get:  POINT TABLE

The visa: What you can do
• This is a permanent visa. It lets you:
• stay in Australia indefinitely
• work and study in Australia
• enroll in Medicare, Australia's scheme for health-related care and expenses
• sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence
• travel to and from Australia for five years
• apply for Australian citizenship, if eligible.

Note: The estimator does not calculate the second instalment or additional costs.
Location

• You can be in or outside Australia when you apply for the visa and when a decision is made.
How long the visa lasts
• This is a permanent visa – it lasts indefinitely.
• The visa starts on the date it is granted.

Family
• You can include your partner and you or your partner’s child or step-child in your application.
• Family members, whose visa have been granted, have the same rights as you.

Your obligations
• You and your family members must comply with Australian laws and your visa conditions.
• You can find your visa conditions in VEVO.

Travel
You can travel in and out of Australia as many times as you want for five years after the visa is granted.

Cancelled visas
You might not be eligible to apply for this visa if you have had a visa cancelled or refused while you were in Australia.

Skilled Nominated Visa (subclass 190)

Features
This visa allows skilled workers who are nominated by an Australian state or territory government live and work in Australia as a permanent resident.

The Process
The candidate needs to submit an expression of interest (EOI) through SkillSelect with details of nominated occupation, skills and qualifications. SkillSelect will estimate a points score; if candidate’s score is high enough, Australian state and territory government agencies will be able to view their EOI and decide if they want to nominate the applicant.
If you are nominated by a state or territory agency, you will be invited to apply for the visa.
If you are invited, you have 60 calendar days to apply for the visa. We will then process your visa application

Eligibility

You must:
•  have a relevant occupation
•  have a suitable skills assessment for the occupation
•  meet the points test pass mark of 60 points
•  be nominated by a state or territory government agency
•  be under 45 years of age at time of invitation
•  have Competent English
•  be invited by us to apply.

Length of stay: Permanently

What this visa let you do
This is a permanent visa. It lets you:
•  stay in Australia indefinitely
•  work and study in Australia
•  enroll in Medicare, Australia's scheme for health-related care and expenses
•  sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence
•  travel to and from Australia for five years
•  apply for Australian citizenship, if eligible
 

Skilled Regional Visa (subclass 489)
 

Features
This visa allows skilled workers to live and work in regional areas of Australia for up to four years.

Eligibility
You must
•  be nominated by a state or territory government agency or be sponsored by an eligible relative (Invited pathway)
•  be invited to apply (Invited pathway)
•  have a relevant occupation
•  have a suitable skills assessment for the occupation
•  meet the points test pass mark of 60 points
•  be under 45 years of age at time of invitation
• have Competent English (IELTS band score 6).


What this visa let you and your family do
•  stay in Australia for up to 4 years
•  live, work and study in a specified region of Australia
•  travel to and from Australia as many times as you want while the visa is valid.
•  apply for permanent residence, if eligible, through the Skilled-Regional (Residence) visa (subclass 887).

Employer Nomination Scheme (subclass 186)
Features
This visa is a permanent residence visa for skilled workers. It allows you to work in Australia under one of three streams:
• the Temporary Residence Transition stream
• the Direct Entry stream
• the Labour Agreement stream

Eligibility
You might be able to get this visa if you:
• have been nominated by an Australian employer and this nomination has been approved within the six months before you apply - see Employers
• are under the age of 45 at the time of application
• at the time of application, have the required skills and qualifications for the position you have been nominated for - including holding (or being eligible for) any mandatory registration, licence or professional membership
• at the time of lodgement, have appropriate English language skills
• meet health and character requirements
• meet the requirements of the stream in which you apply.

Length of stay
Can stay permanently in Australia

Family
You can include the following people in your visa application at the time of lodgement:
• your partner
• your child/step-child or your partner’s child/step-child.


Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (subclass 187)
Features

This visa is a permanent residence visa for skilled workers who want to work in regional Australia. It allows you to work in Australia under one of two streams:
• the Temporary Residence Transition stream
• the Direct Entry stream.

Eligibility
You might be able to get this visa if you:
• have been nominated by an Australian employer in regional Australia and this nomination has been approved within six months before you apply.
• are under the age of 45 years at the time of application
• at time of application lodgement, have the required skills and qualifications for the position you have been nominated for – including holding (or being eligible for) any mandatory registration, license or professional membership
• at time of application lodgement, have appropriate English language skills
• meet health and character requirements

What this visa let you do
It lets you and any member of your family unit who has also been granted this visa to:
• stay in Australia indefinitely
• work and study in Australia
• enroll in Medicare, Australia's scheme for health-related care and expenses
• apply for Australian citizenship (if you are eligible)
• sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence
• travel to and from Australia for five years from the date the visa is granted (after that time, you will need a resident return visa or another visa to return to Australia).

Length of stay
Can stay permanently in Australia

Family
You can include the following people in your visa application at the time of lodgement:
• your partner
• your child/step-child or your partner’s child/step-child.


Skilled Recognized Graduate Visa (subclass 476)
 

Features
This visa allows recent engineering graduates, who have completed their tertiary degree outside Australia, to gain up to 18 months visa.

Eligibility
• Age less than 31 years of age
• Completed an engineering qualification from a recognised institution in the past two years
• An overall IELTS score of at least 6 with a minimum score of 5 in each of the four components (listening, reading, writing and speaking)

Engineering qualifications
In the last two years before submitting application, the applicant should have completed
• Bachelors
• Masters
• Doctoral
• Postgraduate diploma

Eligible engineering courses are
• Structural engineering
• Chemical engineering
• Environmental engineering
• Electrical and electronics engineering
• Mechanical engineering
• Production and plant engineering
• Mining and material engineering

What can be done in Australia during holing this visa
• Travel
• Work
• Study

Location
Applicant needs to stay outside Australia when the visa is decided.

How long the visas last
The visa is valid for up to 18 months.

Family
At the time of lodgment following people can be included in the visa application:

• Partner
• Child/step-child or partner’s child/step-child.


Temporary Graduate Visa (subclass 485)

Features
This visa is for international students who have recently graduated from an Australian educational institution.
It lets you live, study and work in Australia temporarily after you have finished your studies. Students are only able to access the Temporary Graduate visa (subclass 485) once as a primary applicant.

The visa has two streams:
• Graduate Work stream
• Post-Study Work stream

If you are applying as the main applicant, you and anybody else covered by the application must be in Australia when you apply for this visa and when your visa is decided.

Eligibility
You must:
• be under 50 years of age
• hold an eligible visa
• have a recent qualification in a CRICOS-registered course
• meet additional requirements of the relevant stream
• The qualification must either:
• relate to an occupation on the skilled occupation list (Graduate Work stream)
• be a higher education degree (Post-Study Work stream)

Length of stay
Graduate Work stream - 18 months


Training and Research Visa (subclass 407)
Features
The Training visa (subclass 407) is for people who want to come to Australia on a temporary basis to participate in occupational training or professional development.

Eligibility
You might be able to get this visa if you:
• are sponsored (by an approved sponsor of a relevant class) to participate in workplace-based occupational training activities or classroom-based professional development activities
• are identified in an approved nomination by an Australian organisation (other than a Commonwealth agency)
• are invited (if the sponsor is a Commonwealth agency)
• meet the requirements of the visa
• have functional English language skills (IELTS band score 4.5), to do the training and meet occupational health and safety standards
• have a genuine intention to stay temporarily in Australia
• have adequate financial support for yourself and accompanying family members while in Australia
• have adequate arrangements for health insurance while in Australia
• meet health and character requirements
• are at least 18 years of age (except in limited circumstances).

What this visa let you do
Part-time, classroom-based study that is unrelated to your occupational training may be permitted, provided it does not interfere with your occupational training program. The unrelated classroom study cannot count towards any component of the training program and should be listed in your visa application.

Remuneration
Can be paid or unpaid, depends on the work.

How long the visas last
The visa is valid for up to 2 years.

Family
You may be able to bring your family members to Australia with you, if you are granted this visa.
Family members who are granted a visa to join you in Australia can only work up to 40 hours a fortnight.

Renewing visa
If you want to stay longer when you are in Australia, you mustlodge a new application for this visa, including all relevant documents, before your current visa expires.
You will need continuing sponsorship and may have to provide an explanation of why you were unable to complete the training within the initial training period granted.

Parent Visa (subclass 173)
Features
This visa lets parents of a settled Australian citizen, permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen live in Australia temporarily.
If you are granted this visa and want to stay in Australia permanently, you can then apply for a Contributory Parent visa (subclass 143).

Eligibility
You must have a child who is an Australian citizen, permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen.
At least half of your children must live in Australia or more of your children live in Australia than any other country.

Length of stay
2 years

What this visa let you:
This visa lets you
• live in Australia for up to two years
• work and study in Australia (you will not receive government support)
• enrol in Medicare, Australia's scheme for health-related care and expenses
• travel to and from Australia as many times as you want for two years from the date the visa is granted.
• apply for a permanent Contributory Parent visa (subclass 143).
• you cannot extend or re-apply for this visa.

Parent Visa (subclass 143)
Features
This visa lets parents of a settled Australian citizen, permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen live in Australia permanently.
You could apply for the Contributory Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 173) before this visa. Applying for the temporary visa and then this permanent visa costs more but the costs are spread across the two visas over a longer period of time.
You could also apply for a Parent visa (subclass 103). The subclass 103 visa costs less than this visa but there can be long waiting times of up to 30 years.

Eligibility
You must have a child who is an Australian citizen, a permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen.
At least half of your children must live in Australia or more of your children live in Australia than any other country.

Length of stay
Permanently

What this visa let you:
This visa lets you
• stay in Australia indefinitely
• work and study in Australia
• enroll in Medicare, Australia's scheme for health-related care and expenses
• sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence
• travel to and from Australia for five years
• apply for Australian citizenship, if eligible

The Partner Visas (subclasses 820 and 801)
 

Features
The Partner visas (subclasses 820 and 801) allow the partner or spouse of an Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen to live in Australia.

The temporary Partner visa (subclass 820) is granted first and lets you stay in Australia while the permanent Partner visa (subclass 801) is processed.

Eligibility
You must be married or in a de facto relationship with:
• an Australian citizen
• an Australian permanent resident
• an eligible New Zealand citizen.
• your marriage must be valid under Australian law. This means you must have parental permission if you are 16 or 17 years of age.
• You must have been in a de facto relationship for at least 12 months.

Length of stay
• On the temporary 820 visa, you can stay until a decision is made on your permanent Partner visa (subclass 801).
• On the permanent 801 visa, you can stay permanentl

Process
Obtaining the permanent Partner visa is a two stage process. To be eligible for a permanent partner visa you first need to be granted a temporary partner visa. You apply for both the permanent and temporary visas at the same time and pay only one fee. If you are granted the temporary visa, you are eligible to be assessed for the permanent Partner visa (subclass 801) about two years after you lodged your application. You will need to provide further documents for this assessment.
If you have been in a long term relationship before you lodge your application, the permanent subclass 801 visa may be granted immediately after the temporary subclass 820 visa.

Location
You must be in Australia when you lodge your application and when a decision is made on the temporary Partner visa (subclass 820).

Family
You can include your dependent children or stepchildren in your application.
If you are granted the visa, your children will have the same rights and visa conditions as you.